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Startup Development Stages: 7 Steps to Become a Unicorn

20 mins

The startup ecosystem has gained a lot of traction over the past two decades. Can you imagine that 20 years ago, words like “startup”, “investments”, “accelerators”, “incubators”, “unicorn”, ”Internet of Things” didn’t exist or were known to small groups of people? Today, every person with an idea can start a startup that creates an innovative product or solves some issue for businesses.

People can start startups for different reasons: some want to make money, others see a challenge for businesses and want to solve it, and some want to work for themselves rather than for their bosses.

But to become a successful company that global brands like Google, Apple, and Microsoft want to acquire, you need to go a long way. This path will be more difficult to pass if you do not know what you will face during the journey.

In this article, we reveal everything you need to know about startups and explain all 7 startup stages. We also cover the funding issue for every stage and list key features for every stage. It’s going to be interesting.

A startup becomes a unicorn when it reaches a value of over $1 billion on paper.

Enjoy reading!

Everything about startups 

Everything about startups 

What is a Startup 

Different sources didn’t agree on what a startup company is. We want to mention two definitions that complement each other from our point of view. 

According to Investopedia, Startup refers to a company in the first stages of its operations with three main features

  • the company should offer one product or service that is expected to have a market fit
  • the company has lack capital to move on to the next phase of business, so founders have to look for capital from a variety of sources like venture capitalists
  • the company will probably fail with a probability exceeding 90%

Another composite definition is as follows: a startup is an entrepreneurial project that meets at least one unsatisfied market need and looks for opportunities to grow quickly. 

Difference between startup and small business 

A logical question that follows is: Why do we call a starting company “a startup” instead of “a small business”? However, a startup is not the same as a small business. Here is why: 

Growth intent

Startups have an aggressive and quick growth intent, small businesses strive for gradual and robust growth. 

Financing 

Startups are funded by angel investors, venture capitalists, and crowdfunding platforms, while small businesses turn to loans, lines of credit, and asset-based financing. 

Short and long-term goals

Startups founders want to create innovative products to market, while small businesses are focused on finding a market that they can reach effectively. 

You may also like our previouse article:

The dream of a Startup is to become a Unicorn

A startup becomes a unicorn when it reaches a value of over $1 billion on paper. Becoming a unicorn is the cherished dream of founders and this is the point at which a company ceases to be considered a startup and moves into a new stage. There are more than 800 unicorn companies around the world, like SpaceX, ByteDance (TikTok), Revolut, etc.  

There is a described way that can lead a Startup to success. Although less than 10 percent of founders manage to pass this way and even less to become a Unicorn, many people try to overcome these 7 startup stages from year to year. 

Pillars of success for startups

Pillars of success for startups

There are 7 particular and defined stages of startup development. Although you can find 3, 5, or 6 stages models, the 7 startup stages model is the most complete one.

It may be challenging to identify the phase of your startup since the line between stages is unclear. To simplify that we highlight the main features of every stage and compare them based on the following criteria: 

  • Key questions to consider
  • The team size 
  • Distinguish features 
  • Funding source 

Startups are not about ideas – it’s not enough. We agree with Jan Koum: 

“A lot of times, people start with a lot of good ideas, but then they don’t execute. They lose the purity of their vision. You end up running around in circles.” – Jan Koum, co-founder and former CEO of WhatsApp. 

A startup is when ideas are executed. And you are about to know-how. 

7 Startup Stages to Become a Unicorn

7 Startup Stages to Become a Unicorn

#1 Stage: Everything starts with a Good or Great idea 

In the very beginning, there is only an idea. That idea must be scalable, have an option to be embodied in a product or service, and solve some pain points of your potential customers. 

The easiest way to come up with an idea is to be a part of a community that deals with some challenges. By solving that challenge for yourself you also solve it for all other members of the community. 

Another way is hard work of analyzing the crucial issues a group of people faces and brainstorming to explore ways to simplify the way people solve them. 

The idea also can come on its own for a cup of coffee. 

This stage is about finding an idea and finding a team by convincing someone to develop the idea with you. Once people are found you need to come to a shared vision of your future project. 

That phase doesn’t require money, but it needs some level of devotion and amount of time to find a team and generate a common vision of the project. 

Key questions to consider

What customer’s challenge do you solve? 

How do you want to solve it? 

Why do you consider your team competent to realize the idea? 

The team size: up to 4 people 

Distinguish features: 

  • The idea that can be embodied in a product
  • A shared vision of the project 
  • No existing product 

Funding source: no need for funding. The stage requires your time only. 

#2 Stage: Analysis and Pre-Seed Funding

The stage is devoted to various analysis processes. The analysis comprises competitor analysis, target audience description, creation of buyer personas, identification of channels to promote a product, and a draft of a financial plan (including fixed and variable costs and revenue streams). There is still no official organization, only a team that makes research about the viability of the initial idea and sets some measurable and concrete goals. 

Also known as the pre-seed funding phase, its main feature is the absence of external sources of capital. It’s also called bootstrapping because finance comes from personal savings, friends, and families. The term “bootstrapping” goes back to the 19th century “to pull oneself up by one’s bootstraps” that was a metaphor that means the task is impossible to accomplish. 

Key questions to consider

  • What is the definition of your buyer persona? 
  • Who is your audience, and how do you plan to reach them? 
  • What are the profiles of your competitors? Is your product/service different from theirs? If yes, how? 
  • Do you have a monetization plan? If yes, what is your main source of revenue? 

The team size: up to 4 people

Distinguish features: 

  • No officially recognized organization 
  • Complete market and competitor analysis 
  • No existing product 

Funding source: bootstrapping (personal savings, friends, family)

#3 Stage: Funding search or Seed Stage

Once the startup team is certain that there is market demand for the product/service, new options of raising some external money to boost the growth of the startup appear. It is called the “seed stage” because teams need money to grow as a seed needs water.

The mandatory task here is to demonstrate the vitality of your idea to people with money. The bootstrapping source of money is expanded by Business Angels, incubators, and venture capital companies. Tools that can attract the attention of these groups of people are product vision, business plan, mission, measurable goals, revenue forecast, prototype, presentation about the existing market demand for the product, and the team with relevant expertise and skills for the project. 

All these tools don’t guarantee investors that they get their money back or multiply them since the risk of failure is still high. By using these tools, teams have an opportunity to convince investors that they offer a new promising business idea that will probably bring money

Key questions to consider

  • What is your business plan? 
  • Why should people invest in your project? 
  • Can you demonstrate your product by developing a prototype

The team size: up to 10 people

Distinguish features: 

  • No officially recognized organization 
  • No existing product
  • Business plan development
  • The first acquisition of external money 

Funding source: bootstrapping (personal savings, friends, family), business angels, small venture capital companies, incubators.

#4 Stage: Market entry and Series A funding 

Market entry and Series A funding - startup

At that point, a startup has a team, a product vision, maybe a prototype, money that covers development expenses, and operational costs. Teams initiate the development lifecycle, build a Minimum Viable Product (MVP), and enter the market. MVP is a product with a certain pack of working features that is enough to bring value to users and gather early feedback from them. MVP is a good choice because a startup still can’t be sure that its product will be in great demand among customers, while an MVP facilitates the validation of the market viability of the product

Another thing startups should consider is building a comprehensive system of performance indicators. Google Analytics, desired conversion rates, user engagement metrics, feedback system, regular user surveys – all these tools can clarify whether a startup’s solution brings value to customers. It’s also the stage when the team begins to expand. 

A team can decide to go for another round of investments that is called “Series A funding”. The investments mostly come from Venture Capital and crowdfunding platforms. The first option is available only in case the team proves that it has a steadily growing business model based on the information from previous startup stages. The second option became possible with the emergence of the Internet: small capital from different people is accumulated by crowdfunding platforms and then transferred to startups. A founder can rely on that option if its product gets the favor and trust of users. 

Key questions to consider

  • Does the product have a market fit? 
  • What are the options to improve the product and increase user satisfaction? 
  • Does the startup need more money to grow? 
  • Does the product have a comprehensive feedback and metrics system? 

The team size: up to 20 people

Distinguish features: 

  • Market entry 
  • First customers 
  • Real user feedback 
  • MVP development
  • Comprehensive metric system
  • Series A funding

Funding source: Series A funding 

#5 Stage: Growth stage and Series B funding

The fact of reaching that stage speaks volumes. That means that the startup has successfully entered the market and filled a niche. 

This brings us to the next set of activities: achieving stable growth, analysis of user and customer personas, improving the product, refining marketing strategies, establishing sales processes, defining corporate culture, and new staff recruitment. 

There must be two focuses: profit and properly set processes. The former is essential because a startup must generate a stable flow of revenue at that stage that results in profit. The latter is vital because it’s impossible to scale up without established processes. 

Startups can also take advantage of Series B funding and get even more money. The source of investments remains unchangeable: corporate venture capitals for the late startup stages. 

Key questions to consider:

  • How to become a vetted market leader 
  • How to establish processes that maintain the company’s growth 
  • Is the company completely staffed? 
  • Are sales processes effective enough to generate a stable flow of revenue?
  • How to make a business model more profitable?

The team size: up to 200 people

Distinguish features:

  • Loyal customer base
  • Working product
  • The startup scales up 
  • Processes 

Funding source: Series B funding 

#6 Stage: Expansion stage 

Expansion stage 

During that stage, startups focus on one single goal: expansion. They seek new opportunities to enter new markets and reach more people. There are two options on how to do that: 

  • go international and expand to markets in new countries. 
  • enter adjacent markets in the same geographical region by providing new products or services that are complementary to the original one. 

A startup here is not a highly risky venture anymore, so more groups of investors join financing like hedge funds, private equity firms, and investment banks.  

Questions to consider: 

  • How to reach more customers? 
  • Is the company ready to go international (processes, finance)? 

The team size: more than 200 

Distinguish features:

  • Searching for new markets globally or in the same geographic area 
  • The startup is not a highly risky venture anymore 
  • New sources of funding thanks to the lower risk

Funding source: Series C, D funding, other… 

#7 Stage: Exit phase

This phase is optional. It’s a very complicated stage that offers startups two options for the future:

  • A startup can be acquired by a bigger company with the expectation of profit. A startup stops its existence as an independent company. 
  • A startup goes public with an IPO. 

As an alternative to exit strategies, a startup can continue its existence as a unicorn. 

Questions to consider: 

  • When is the right time to exit? 

The team size: more than 1000 

Distinguish features:

  • The startup is attractive enough that other big companies want to buy it 

Funding source: Generated revenue

A Reliable Partner is the Best Way to Success

The software development process for startups differs from the ordinary process for big companies. Startups need experts with relevant technical skills and expertise for all startup stages as well as reliable partners who can help to make the right decisions. SumatoSoft has worked with startups for 10 years and managed to become a reliable technical partner for many of them. Startups can rely on us because of our principles of work: transparent processes and communication are of high value to us. We build long-term relationships with our clients from the very beginning of our cooperation: the business analysis phase. We want to become a reliable partner for you too. 

Contact us and get a free consultation on your startup idea!

Conclusion

If you run a startup there are 7 startup stages that you are about to go through before you succeed. Although a usual startup will likely fail with more than a 90% chance, it’s not an obstacle since even a 1% of success chance would be enough to start an activity that can lead to something glorious – we truly believe that.